Archive for July, 2009

Let The Art Speak

Class: Art Therapy – Introduction
Tri-C West – Summer Quarter T/Th Evening 6-10pm
Article Review Submitted by Student: Melanie T. Campbell
Date: 6-23-09
***No part of this article may be used for any reason unless obtaining prior written permission***

Let The Art Speak
by Jacqueline Carr
Release Date: 4-28-06

Lisa Falls is the subject of this article, which is a review into the world of an individual Art Therapist. Lisa, an Artist who is originally from New York, shares about her work and how it has benefited those she has worked with.

Lisa came across the therapeutic use of art by accident. When her neighbor’s young daughter, six at the time, could not express her feelings about the impending divorce of her parents, she became silent about it. When Lisa gave her the chance to make art, she was able without suggestion or provocation, to express her feelings, the sadness, frustration and confusion surrounding their separation. The article shares Lisa’s opinion that art is one of the best ways to cope with life changes and challenges at any age level.

Lisa’s life is a busy one since relocating to Mission Valley, California. She has her own private practice with the population age ranging from four to ninety-nine. She hangs her clients’ work on her walls, as well as photographs she has obtained from fellow artists. Lisa works with individuals, families and groups, in and out of her office setting. Her work takes her to hospice and assisted living facilities. She is also an advocate of Art therapy and regularly presents information on it’s use and value.

One of the on-going programs she has set up in 1999 at Sunrise Assisted Living at La Costa in Carlsbad, is called Art Expressions. It has been a benefit to patients and families while giving six to ten residents at a time, the chance to practice motor skills and speaking. Lisa uses several art mediums to accomplish positive changes in the residents, such as painting, mosaic, collages, sculpture, and memory books. Over time, residents gain confidence in their motor skills and verbal abilities, such as June with Altzheimers who was able to paint a landscape and feels pride in her work, when she had previously found it difficult to speak and was not able to write.

Many positive results come from Lisa’s programs, when residents pick up art making again or try it for the first time. It encourages their families when they see what their loved ones can accomplish. Having been in an Alzheimer’s facility dealing with a parent with the disease, I know that seeing this type of improvement in loved ones is invaluable and gives hope. Activities such as this, keep the Altzheimer patient connected to the real world, focused, and boosts their self-esteem. The article notes that Eugenia Welch, Director of Sunrise Assisted Living, observed that residents participating in Art Therapy are more willing to be involved in every day life. In the group setting they find a commaraderie among the other residents in their same situation and then they don’t feel so isolated in dealing with the changes in their lives. One very sweet comment that was shared in the article had to do with one resident that was reluctant  to come to the program, and then once they did would not leave, commenting, “I’ve got my mind going again, I’m staying right here.” A wonderful testimony to the effects of Art Therapy on a seemingly incurable disease. Other benefits Welch observed are an increased enthusiasm for communicating with others, new friendships, and release from dwelling on ailments. It gives them the opportunity to focus on life outside themselves.

Patient in-care facilities are often dealing with the loss of a spouse, the ravages of disease, stroke, and having to move out of their home, to name a few. As I get older and am forced to start dealing with increasing memory loss, the fear of not being able to function as I did in younger years, the scope of life begins to get smaller and smaller. A person’s independence diminishes with it as well. If Art Therapy can restore some, if not all of this to a patient or resident in a care facility, then this alone would be ample proof for the need and validity of the use of Art Therapy treatment.

If all this wasn’t enough, Lisa Falls finds the time and energy to oversee the Art Therapy Extension, and teach serveral classes at UC San Diego Extension. Participants after completing courses such as using Art Therapy in specific populations, ethical and legal isues, and issues surrounding cultural diversity, are eligible to seek Registration and Board Certification in the Field of Art Therapy. Lisa believes that Art Therapy is a “key skill for any medical practitioner”


Article found online at: http://extension.ucsd.edu/news/display/dsp_newsarticle.cfm?vAction=view&vEventID=260


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Class: Art Therapy – Introduction
Tri-C West – Summer Quarter T/Th Evening 6-10pm
Student: Melanie T. Campbell
Date: 6-23-09
***No part of this article may be used for any purpose without prior written consent from the author***

Therapeutic Environments
by Kathy Hathorn
President of American Art Resources

From a paper presented at the American Society of Healthcare Engineers International Conference on Planning, Design and Construction
Nashville, Tennessee
March 8-10, 2000

Kathy Hathorn discusses imagery for therapeutic environments, in this article focusing on what imagery is correct for certain patient populations and what is not. She also discusses specific needs of each population and the ways to identify the type of Art that is best purchased for those environments. Kathy’s mission is to assist in the process of creating healing environments through Fine Art.

When creating therapeutic environments in a treatment care facility, Kathy stresses the appropriateness of the type of Art in the seven major areas covered in the article. To give the reader a way to identify with her point, Kathy uses an example of a painting of a mountain stream swirling gently through rocks with the sun shining on them. She places the reader in two separate and distinct patient environments. The first of a jogger who has hurt their ankle and is sitting in a emergency waiting room hoping that their ankle isn’t broken. They close their eyes and imagine themselves in the serene scene experiencing it. Time may seem to move more quickly, and the pain less noticeable because the picture has had therapeutic value as a distraction of their situation. The second scenario is that of a woman waiting to get an ultrasound with a full bladder. The painting then becomes a reminder of her painfully full bladder instead, and has no therapeutic value at all to her.

Kathy states that Art selected based on the needs of special patient populations has these benefits:
    1) Mitigates the stress involved with a particular environment.
    2) Provides the patient with a sense of security.
    3) Tends to facilitate the bonding of the patient and the care facility.
    4) Gives the facility an image of excellence.

The seven areas examined in this article are: ICU Patients, Heart Patients, Cancer Patients, Rehabilitation Patients, Geriatric Patients, Psychiatric Patients, Women’s Services, and Pediatric Patients. Before reading this article I was not aware that care facilities went to such great lengths to be sensitive to their patients. This is a far cry from the day when I was in an extended stay hospital with green walls and a completely sterile visual environment. Many hospitals today could visually equal 4-Star Hotels – an example of this is Lutheran Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio with beautiful floors, woodwork, and even a few stores on the main level to cater to dental and other needs of patients and visitors. (Visit Link at the end of this article).

ICU Patients
Because this unit has so much special equipment and often only has curtains for walls, Kathy says it is hard to place Art that will not be distracted by the equipment necessary for the patent’s survival. Kathy states that this is often a brutal area due to it’s emphasis on last minute life saving. She suggest that Art that is reality based, such as photos of Nature with sunlight and full-spectrum color, are better choices because ICU Patients often suffer from hallucinations related to just being in ICU and not what put them there. She stresses displaying an image without ambiguity. Regardless of Art selection, the goal should be to offer comfort, support, and dignity to the patient and their families.

Heart Patients
Kathy shares that Heart Disease is the leading cause of death in the US today. Much anxiety and acute stress are experienced by both men and women, even though treatment procedures have become more stream-lined and less invasive. She suggests back-lit photographic images in the ceilings of areas where patients must wait for long periods of time, or in procedure rooms where patients’ vision is towards the ceiling. Cardiac catheterization is an example, She shares, of the need for patients to lie still on their backs to avoid hemorrhaging from the semoral artery in the leg, which must be cut during the procedure. She states that Roger Ulrich, Ph.D. has documented the positive outcome in heart patients who view these types of images. Art that displays care and support rather than abstract imagery had better positive results for heart patients in studies at Uppsala Hospital in Sweden as well. Improvements ranged from more normal blood pressure and heart rate, less need for pain meds, fewer complaints of discomfort, and a slightly less duration of hospital stay. Kathy includes the fact that Art can also be used to educate heart patients in ways of eating healthy and exercising.

Cancer Patients
Treatment for Cancer can be a frightening and highly uncomfortable experience for those needing it. It can feel foreign to them as well as have debilitating side affects. Some treatments last for several hours and have long recovery times. Kathy stresses that due to the nausea associated with some treatments, the Artwork chosen for the treatment area needs to be “clear and still”. Images need to be Nature related and reflect life and hope. Bare trees and adverse weather scenes are not good choices. Kathy cites Nasa Scientist Yvonne Clearwater’s research findings, that patients prefer scenes with distant horizon lines. Pictures also with winding paths are preferred, Kathy notes. Figurative Art can be a problem in oncology units because patients tend to compare themselves with the figure in the Art. An example would be a bald cancer patient looking at a painting of a person with a full head of hair. Empty chairs, closed doors, flowers such as lillies due to what they represent, Urban scenes without greenery, are all inappropriate for cancer patient areas.

Rehabilitation Patients
Kathy stresses using very clear, realistic pictures without double or reflecting images are appropriate for this diverse population. Patients find fuzzy impressionistic style pictures hard to focus on, as some experience nausea. She also points out that some patients become very frustrated and violent sometimes, so the need for serene and static Art is best in patients’ rooms. Distant horizon lines are also helpful here as well, since patients stay for prolonged periods of time. Daylight colors should be used in the paintings and figurative Art is okay if not ambiguous in facial expression or body language. Patients here can have reoccurring dreams of their accident, loneliness, fitful sleep and more.

Geriatric Patients
There are several considerations when dealing with the growing population of elderly. They often have no control over many things in their lives, they begin to lose clear vision of certain colors due to changes in the eyes occurring with age. Their ability to cope with stress in their environment continues to diminish, and they become frustrated with their inability to handle things they used to handle. Kathy shares that appropriate Art for this area can include images that mimic everyday life, and familiar objects in the home, things that they remember from “their time” or the old days. Images with evidence of life is essential. This is also true for Altzheimers patients. Often frames with pictures they remember or objects familiar to them, are placed on the wall outside the doors to their rooms to help them locate it. My father and I made one for his room for a month stay at Arden Courts. Other objects in showcases in the hallways like quilts, doilies, model cars, etc. help to create a familiar and comfortable atmosphere. Kathy stresses that care facilities should use a variety of images throughout rather than repeat only a few, to create an atmosphere that’s more like home.

Psychiatric Patients
In this category, there are several considerations depending on the kind of care the patient needs. Rape or abuse victims if faced with figurative Art, need figures that are clear and complete, since ambiguity would frighten them. Those who have injured themselves or are in detox, need positive images and colors. However the colors should not be overstimulating. Psychiatric disorders need to have Art free from the abstract. Figures need to be whole persons, extremes in colors need to be avoided. Inappropriate also are: optical illusions, animal faces looking directly at the viewer, busy patterns, and distorted figures. Patients with stress related issues or needing behavior modification, need positive and realistic images. Children need images that will nurture and stimulate at the same time. The space for each of these populations should be evaluated for it’s use first, Kathy says, and whether it will be used for groups or individuals. Patients can often handle some forms of Art in a group situation that they can’t handle when faced with it on their own. She strongly suggests that working with the unit program directors will produce decisions that will more effectively meet the needs of each space being considered.

Womens’ Services
Figurative Art depicting home life and family are appropriate within the social status of those coming to the facility. The only exception is in units where mothers are grieving the loss of babies, or struggling to keep their babies alive. Relate the image to racial backgrounds as well. In general women are more apt to use these facilities than men in a reoccurring manner, so the imagery chosen needs to reflect this. Women of all age groups and needs must be considered in order to give them a sense of belonging while in the facility.

Pediatric Patients
Art in this population needs to be endearing, engaging and nurturing. Kathy cautions against chaotic imagery, wildly kinetic scenes, an over stimulating environment, or colors that are too powerful. She explains that engaging Artwork stimulates the natural curiosity of childhood – her word “magical”. Scenes based on intellectual appeal such as the Ecology, National Parks, endangered animals, and all kinds of friends are appropriate. For endearing Artwork there needs to be gentleness, respect for human dignity, Art that evokes childhood memories in adults, and respect for life itself. Nurturing Art needs to comfort children when mom and dad go home for the night, such as original photographs of animals with human-like traits. Preferably traits of humor, playfulness, love, family, and companionship. This Art can also promote the bond between child and family.

Kathy says that the benefits of choosing Art to match each population are “astounding”. Stress is reduced, the patient feels more secure, patient and care-giver bond, and it puts the care facility in the best light possible.


Article found at: http://www.americanartresources.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61

Lutheran Hospital, Cleveland, OH: http://www.lutheranhospital.org/

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Class: Art Therapy – Introduction
Tri-C West – Summer Quarter T/Th Evening 6-10pm
Review Submitted By Student: Melanie T. Campbell
Date: 6-23-09
***No part of this article may be used for any purpose without prior written consent from the author*** 

Art and How It Benefits the Brain
by Grant Eckert

When I read this article, I was really surprised to learn of the many detailed ways that Art benefits the brain. When teaching Art in a classroom setting of my own or substituting for other Art Teachers in the mid 1970’s, I often wondered why the State of Ohio required Art Education for all students. Why not just train those with skill or those with a special interest in Art. Sadly college did not teach me the answer to this question, but happily this article did. 

I was not aware that art and participation in creating it, was essential to healthy brain development for all individuals. I’ve always known that creative individuals needed to make art, or work in an environment that had some connection to art, or at least have an artistic outlet of some sort if their work environment did not provide it. Those individuals need a way to express what is in their minds, emotions and souls, or they will languish from artistic deprivation. Supplying an outlet for their need to create, is essential to their psychological well being.

What I didn’t know, was that all people have a need to create or to exercise an appreciation of art, in order for their brain to think in a different way than they might normally think. It gives physical expression to the intuitive and special sides of their brain and activates it to think in a new or different way. Mr. Eckert points out interestingly, that Art “introduces the brain to diverse cognitive skills that help us unravel intricate problems.” I am personally surprised that Art is associated with cognitive skills and in a diverse way. I had always thought that Art did not involve cognition or the creation of it to yield the ability to “unravel intricate problems.” Many students think of Art as being an easy “A”. I’ve heard people’s view of Art down through the years, as being a skill that doesn’t require much thought or work. A comment that a former co-worker made one time that his hands-on hard working Russian father said when his son told him that he had obtained a job at a local news station in Cleveland, Ohio designing special art and backgrounds for shows such as the Mike Douglas Show and the famous asterisk’s, was: “And they pay you to do that?” This suggests the non-value that many people place on Art. Art is one of the first programs to be cut in schools when there is a financial crisis. So it was a huge eye-opener for me to realize that Art is necessary for all areas of human development, whether in children or adults.

Grant cites the research that Semir Zeki did on how Art is related to benefiting the brain proves it’s validity. Zeki’s findings are compiled in the article “Artistic Creativity and the Brain” which was published in Science Magazine in July 2001. He concluded that “artistic expression is the key to comprehending ourselves.” Art being “the” key and not “one of” the keys, makes Art hugely important to each and every one of us. Grant also points out that Zeki “considered art and it’s expression as an expansion of brain function”. And again that “art helps the brain in it’s search for knowledge.”

I also enjoyed the fact that Art used in therapy can be applied at any age level or life situation to benefit an individual or group. It appears to me, that Art is more versatile in this manner than other therapies. Children who are not adept at verbal expression of their inner selves have a non-verbal outlet to use to speak about their inner thoughts, fears, hopes, and dreams. Grant states that Art benefits those who have physical, mental, or emotional needs as well, by lessening stress, aiding in developing inter-personal skills, solving conflicts, managing behavior, attaining insight, increasing self-esteem and self-awareness, and much more. It is also used to assess and treat conditions such as anxiety, depression, mental illness and various addictions, Grant reveals. Art can be employed additionally, for situations involving trauma, loss, psychosocial difficulties and physical/cognitive/neurological problems, he also points out.

In my personal case, I’ve seen art help me to express my inner thoughts and muse on situations in my life experience, even generating a poem after reflecting on a completed scribble drawing. It also helped remind me of childhood thoughts and memories when viewing beautiful photographs of flowers in my yard. Others have enjoyed my artistic expressions and inner reflections when I’ve shared my Art Journal with them, so it has helped to deepen inter-personal relationships for me. I’ve seen the benefits of Art in creation on a personal level and have come to a better understanding of how it affects all people from reading this insightful article.


This article was found on the website:

Article source: http://www.articlerich.com/

Grant Eckert writes for Maccaca, a leading Art Social Network.

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The Creative Cure

Class: Art Therapy – Introduction
Tri-C West – Summer Quarter T/Th Evening 6-10pm
Review Submitted by: Melanie T. Campbell
Date: 6-23-09
***No part of this article may be used for any purpose without prior written consent from the author***

The Creative Cure
by Arvind Katochz

In this article, Art is stressed as “The Creative Cure”, where our unknown feelings and troubling thoughts find a way to express themselves. Mr. Katoch cites that Art Therapy is gaining popularity as the emotional stress level rises in our culture, noted by Art Therapists. He mentions also that Art Therapy attempts to reveal hidden emotions and trigger self-expression through creative movements used to communicate. He further states that it is relatively young as a therapy with it’s beginnings in the 1930’s, but having roots in “ancient shamanism, Sufi, mysticism, and Greek Tragedies.”

Arvind shares an example of the results of creating art on a person with Parkinson’s Disease. MV Krishnan in his 60’s, retired from the US Air Force, felt he had no purpose in life until his daughter, an artist/sculptor, introduced him to painting as a medium for art expression. It served to rekindle a sense of purpose in him, and helped control the involuntary physical movements associated with Parkinson’s. He was able to display his paintings in an exhibit which drew praise from those attending. Thus art expression not only benefited the artist physically and emotionally, but gave him an avenue to share his talents with others, bringing them joy in viewing the results of his creativity.

Further discoveries have been made, Arvind points out, of the fact that “The use of thumb and forefinger in painting or drawing is believed to kindle brain related acupressure points.” This action releases a person from stress, mentally and physically as well as from pain via the concentration and intimate involvement it takes to create art. He also shares that the American Art Therapy Association believes that artistic therapy includes visual arts, dance, drama, music and poetry.

A name that I haven’t heard yet in association with Art Therapy is Florence Nightengale. This article adds a wonderful quote from her which enhances the need for Art Therapy and validates it’s use: “Beautiful objects and brilliancy of colour are actual means of recovery.” If I ever have an art room again in a school system, I am going to fill it with inspiring quotes like this to stimulate my student’s love and respect for art as a means of heightened self-esteem, positive coping mechanisms, and a healthy alternative means of self-expression. For children the article shares that their natural vehicle for communication is to “play it out rather than take it out”. Stressing another useful application for Art Therapy and the encouragement of artistic expression.

I’m beginning to understand that Art Therapy has a ripple effect starting with the artist and continuing out to all who view the art created or who associate with it’s creator. Thus Art Therapy not only benefits the artist personally, but also the Community as well.

Article found at:

Article Source: http://www.EzineArticles.com/?expert=3DArvind_Katoch

Another related website for Mr. Katoch can be found at:
http://www.geocities.com/arvindkatoch1    http://www.bloxster.net/truthforeveryone

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Our Bonanzle Booth is one of the places we sell online. We’ve chosen Bonanzle to display our finer items, which also means they are a higher priced category. Although, they are very reasonable prices for the type of items we carry there. We enjoy helping others make memories with the things they purchase, either for themselves or someone they love. Our goal is to supply quality products that will become heirlooms some day, and to share in the enthusiasm our Family of Buyers have when they receive their purchase.

We search the Internet frequently to find unique and interesting items to list in our store, and for pricing that’s low enough for the average person to handle, even if they must save for a while till they can purchase. Our products are well worth the wait, and the joy our customers experience when they see them in person, is unmeasureable.

I can share one instance from our Bonanzle Store of a fellow Bonanzler who purchased two of our large bird brooches. One of those is shown below of a peacock with it’s tail feathers fanned out. She also bought one of our Parrots listed in our store (Just search for “parrot” on the home page of the store and you will find them). Both items were exquisite, and they took my breath away when I saw them in person. I never thought jewelry could look so beautiful. Nor did I know that brooches could be made so large. These were the size that you needed an easil to display in a China Cabinet … smile. My customer was located in France, and was in the habit of collecting large bird brooches. She was nearly knocked over when she received them. In fact her exact words were:

“received the birds this morning: just one word : waoh!!!! They are so much gorgeous than on the photo! And thank you so much for everything: your nice gift, your honesty about the shipping costs, the ultra-fast shipping…” C. in France.

We love to hear comments like that from those who have chosen to join our Happy Family of Customers. We know those purchases will be enjoyed over a life-time and possibly passed down from one generation to another. In  fact she was  a repeat customer, purchasing a few more bird brooches that we had found on the internet and emailed information to her. These last items do not show in our store.

Below are just a peek at the types of products we have for sale. From Jewelry, to Paintings, to Toys and much more. Get the whole family involved in putting Campbell Studio to work in making memories for all those you hold dear.

In Christ <><
Melanie T. Campbell
Owner: Campbell Studio around the internet

Bonanzle: http://www.bonanzle.com/booths/lambs_one

Swarovski_hemapurp_broochbb-147336_thumb200 Peacock_brooch_bb-169167_thumb200 Swarovski_broochbb-104152_thumb200 Filagree_heart_neck-ear_set_purple-bb181180_thumb200 

 White_iris_thumb200 Lighthouse_fence_thumb200 


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